Silver nitrate

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CAS: Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number


Silver nitrate has many uses in industry, in health care and in the home. Silver nitrate has been applied to the skin for marking patch test sites, cauterizing bleeding, and healing wounds. Silver dyes in the form of a 5% silver nitrate solution are still widely used at home and in beauty shops for dyeing eyebrows and lashes.
Metallic silver in jewelry or wire reportedly does not occur.



Silver nitrate



Analytic reagent
Coloring porcelain
Etching ivory
Hair dye
Silver plating
Styptic agent





Unusual Reactions

Gray-brown discoloration of the conjunctiva
Black discoloration of the fingernails




Gaul, L.E. and G.B. Undergood, The effects of aging a solution of silver nitrate on its cutaneous reaction. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 1948. 11: p. 7.


Gaul, L.E., Incidence of sensitivity to chromium, nickel, gold, silver, and copper compared to reactions to their aqueous salts including cobalt sulphate. Annals of Allergy, 1954. 12: p. 429.


Marcussen, P.V., Eczematous allergy to metals. Acta Allergolog, 1962. 17: p. 311.


Marks, R., Contact dermatitis due to silver. British Journal of Dermatology, 1966. 78(11): p. 606-7.


Bjornberg, A., Toxic reactions to a patch test skin marker containing fuchsin-silver nitrate. Contact Dermatitis, 1977. 3(2): p. 101-2.


Heyl, T., Contact dermatitis from silver coat. Contact Dermatitis, 1979. 5(3): p. 197.


Dooms-Goossens, A., et al., Silver polish: another source of contact dermatitis reactions to thiourea. Contact Dermatitis, 1988. 19(2): p. 133-5.


Rietschel, R.L. and J.F. Fowler, Jr., Fisher's Contact Dermatitis. 4th ed. 1995, Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.






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